Marblehead League of Women Voters Observer Corps
Observer Corps Reports are provided by volunteers from the Marblehead League of Women Voters. To learn more about the League and its activities, see my.lwv.org/massachusetts/marblehead.
BOARD: Housing Production Plan Implementation Committee
DATE: July 25
OBSERVER: Bonnie Grenier
MEMBERS IN ATTENDANCE: Erin Noonan, Thatcher Kezer, Kurt James, Dirk Isbrandsten, Louis Meyi and Barton Hyte.
OTHER ATTENDEE: Town Planner Becky Curran Cutting
MBTA Communities Act
Becky Curran Cutting made a presentation on the MBTA Communities Act requirements as they relate to Marblehead.
The purpose of this legislation is to create more housing near public transportation and ultimately lower the price of housing in these areas.
Marblehead is a “Bus Service Community” and thus considered an “Adjacent Community,” which has special rules.
An MBTA Community is required to have a zoning bylaw that provides for at least one district of reasonable size in which multi-family housing is permitted as of right.
“As of right” means without the need to obtain any discretionary permit or approval.
Reasonable size must have a minimum gross density of 15 units per acre and be located within a half mile of the bus route. In Marblehead, that requirement is 27 acres with a minimum of 5 contiguous acres.
Most of Marblehead is four units per acre. The business district is closer to 10 units per acre.
Currently, Marblehead allows multi-family housing in the unrestricted district by special permit and not as a matter of right.
Non-compliance would make Marblehead ineligible for Housing Choice Grants, Local Capital Fund Projects and the MassWorks Infrastructure Program. At its discretion, DHCD may take non-compliance into consideration when making other discretionary grants and may impose more severe penalties in the future.
Marblehead received a grant to do some analysis, which has been completed. This will be discussed at a meeting of the Planning Board in September.
They are trying to get a second grant to assist with stakeholder engagement to help get buy-in from the community.
The timeline for compliance requires that the town submit a final plan to the state by Dec. 31, 2024. To accomplish this, the plan must be developed by December 2023 so it will be ready to present for a vote at Town Meeting in spring 2024. Meetings and public forms will be held throughout the fall to help in the development of an overall plan. Ideally, including an affordable component in the plan would be preferable to the committee.
In the meantime, committee members will reach out to communities similar to Marblehead in density that are a year ahead in the process to find out what their experience has been so far in complying with the MBTA Communities Act. What are their take-aways? What did they do well and what would they do differently? Do they have an affordable component? Comparable communities to be contacted are Winchester, Reading and Rockport.
Smart Growth Overlay District
There was a general discussion on identifying Smart Growth Overlay District (Chapter 40R) possibilities in Marblehead. Chapter 40R encourages communities to create dense residential or mixed-use smart growth zoning districts, including a high percentage of affordable housing units, to be located near transit stations, in areas of concentrated development such as existing city and town centers, and in other highly suitable locations.
Cutting will check back to see what was done in the 2009 plan to review the process, plans and guidelines. The possibility of hiring a consultant to help with this was suggested.